Pittsburgh and Deindustrialization

Many industrial cities during the 1970s and 1980s transitioned from being industrial to more of a service based economy. The article focuses on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during this transition. The main industry of Pittsburgh was steel manufacturing. However, customers began to buy cheaper steel from elsewhere or even had it imported into the country. Because ofContinue reading “Pittsburgh and Deindustrialization”


During the 1970s and 1980s, there was a massive push for the deindustrialization of the United States’ job market. Deindustrialization is the push to remove or reduce the manufacturing industry. This is a strange concept for the American workforce to understand because the United States has been dependent on the manufacturing industry to make moneyContinue reading “Deindustrialization”

Week 11: Yet Another of America’s Struggle Periods

Gabriel Winant’s article “Enduring Disaster” from 2021, examines the cutbacks, lay-offs, and deep struggles the Pennsylvania population dealt with during the 1970s. There had been many towns and cities, such as Pittsburg, where the population of working-class men heavily relied on large production-based jobs such as steel production. Winant’s article starts by telling us aContinue reading “Week 11: Yet Another of America’s Struggle Periods”

Pennsylvania in the 70s and 80s

Throughout the 70s, many industries in America fired a majority, if not all of their employees. Many factories closed their doors totally. Many people were now looking for jobs in a major industry without jobs to offer them. Many households were beginning to struggle without an income coming in and some households were now relyingContinue reading “Pennsylvania in the 70s and 80s”

From the ashes of industry: the rise of the service-based economy

As the industrial economy began to experience hardships that became increasingly more difficult to overcome: less demand, unemployment, plant closures, the working class was forced to seek jobs elsewhere. This shift in the workforce led to the growth of the new service economy, which was actually supported by the number of workers who now hadContinue reading “From the ashes of industry: the rise of the service-based economy”


The “recycling” of the working class during the transition from an industrial to a service-based economy involved significant changes in the economy, politics, and society. Deindustrialization in Pennsylvania during the 1970s/80s resulted in a range of economic, political, and social consequences. Economically, deindustrialization led to the loss of many well-paying, unionized manufacturing jobs. This hadContinue reading “Deindustrialization”

Deindustrialization: The Working Class Can Never Catch a Break

The 1970s and 1980s saw a transformation from an industrial fueled economy to a period of deindustrialization where the working class shifted to more service-oriented occupations. This period of deindustrialization created economic, political, and social issues for communities that were dependent on industrial manufacturing jobs such as the steel industry in Pennsylvania. In the essay,Continue reading “Deindustrialization: The Working Class Can Never Catch a Break”

Recycled working class

The working class were “recycled” in the transition from an industrial to service-based economy due to how they were expected to change how they worked with no warning. The United States had been industrialized for generations, and the working class worked in industrial based jobs. With deindustrialization, an entire generation that worked in industrial jobsContinue reading “Recycled working class”

Why Pennsylvania?

Deindustrialization refers to the decline of manufacturing industries in a particular region or country. The effects of deindustrialization can be devastating, including job loss, increased poverty, and a decline in the overall economy.  The American economy has undergone a series of wrenching economic transformations. The working class underwent a significant transformation during the shift fromContinue reading “Why Pennsylvania?”