Vietnam War

Christian Appy argues that Vietnam was a “working-class war” because a disproportionate number of soldiers who fought in the war were from working-class backgrounds. He believes that the war was fought primarily by working-class soldiers because they were more likely to enlist due to economic and educational factors, such as limited job opportunities and accessContinue reading “Vietnam War”

Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement is often depicted as a struggle against racial discrimination that was mainly confined to the South, but civil rights struggle in Northern cities like New York City and Boston’s schools challenge this view. In the North, African Americans faced similar forms of discrimination, such as segregation in schools, housing, and employment,Continue reading “Civil Rights Movement”

Minutemen Missiles inSouth Dakota

The Minuteman Missiles in South Dakota are an excellent example of the Cold War economy and the military-industrial complex that President Dwight Eisenhower warned about in his farewell address. The military-industrial complex refers to the relationship between the military establishment and the defense industry, which mutually benefit from each other’s activities. During the Cold War,Continue reading “Minutemen Missiles inSouth Dakota”

Lavender + Red Scare

The “Lavender Scare” was a wave of fear and persecution of homosexuals in the United States during the 1950s and early 1960s, which paralleled the “Red Scare” of the same era. The Red Scare was a period of intense anti-Communist suspicion and persecution, fueled by the belief that Communist subversion was a serious threat toContinue reading “Lavender + Red Scare”

National Security after the Cold War

The national security state has grown tremendously since the Cold War. the concept of national security state is that it refers to a state in which the military and intelligence agencies have a dominant role in the governance and security of a country. This protects the state secrets and a high degree of government controlContinue reading “National Security after the Cold War”