From the Discovery of Oxygen to Coffee Shops

Johnson presents three different models in the history of science, which are progressive history, paradigm shifts, and ecosystem theory. Progressive (Great man) history exposes the creation and spread of new ideas. Ideas can be formed by factors such as class struggle, evolution of capital, and technological innovations. Political movements surround themselves with peer networks thatContinue reading “From the Discovery of Oxygen to Coffee Shops”

Growth of Discovery

Johnson first mentions the paradigm shift model of the growth of science. This model claims that major scientific discoveries occur that change the public’s entire mindset on the subject. These sudden bursts of progress are said to happen in the isolation of a lab, hardly being affected by the outside world. While this progress hardlyContinue reading “Growth of Discovery”

Johnson’s Models of Science

Prompt Question(s): In the middle of Chapter 1, Johnson presents three different models in the history of science: progressive (“great man”) history; paradigm shift (Kuhnian) history; and ecosystem theory. Describe each method in your own words, what types of actors or forces do each model take in account? How does each method try to explainContinue reading “Johnson’s Models of Science”

Great Men in Coffeehouses and the Environment for Learning

In a simple description, Great Man history is over-specific, our third theory is oversimplified, and our second sits in the goldilocks zone of “Just right”. Each of these viewpoints foster a varying scope for human technological and scientific advancement. While “Great Man” history tends to focus on the findings and contributions of one person orContinue reading “Great Men in Coffeehouses and the Environment for Learning”

A Paradigm And My 20 Cents on it

Get it, because pair-of-dimes? paradigms? Ha. Anyway… It’s interesting to view scientific advancements through a historian’s lens because they can get an “omniscient” view of the scientific process through the past. All of the problems solved through scientific advancements culminate into a compendium that historians can peruse to connect ideas. It allows them to exploreContinue reading “A Paradigm And My 20 Cents on it”

Methods of Approaching the History of Science

Johnson refers to three models of studying the history of science. In the “Progressive” or “Great Man” theory of science history, the central actor is the individual.  Progress is achieved through the singular genius of a brilliant individual. Heroic overtones permeate the historical thinking in this model and although the “hero’s” contributions stand on previousContinue reading “Methods of Approaching the History of Science”

The Three Models of Science in “The Invention of Air”

In The Invention of Air, three models of science are presented. Progressive history is the theory that as time and society progress forward, so would science. This method takes into account changes in internal and external forces, “…both greater and smaller than individual humans” (Steven Johnson, ch.1 pg. 46). Paradigm shift history is the theoryContinue reading “The Three Models of Science in “The Invention of Air””

Teamwork Makes the Dream Work!

 The first model discussed, progressive or “great man” theory, focused on change of thought or discovery due to the ideas of great thinkers in history like Newton (Johnson 46). It presents change in history as being brought up thanks to the work, experiments and ideas of one person in a single narrative, not necessarily connected toContinue reading “Teamwork Makes the Dream Work!”

Methods, Explanations, and world changing discoveries derived from cruel experiments.

Steven Johnson utilities 3 different models in the history of science to explore and explain changes within the history of science. One of these models, the progressive (Great Man) history, carries its historical change by the accomplishments and discoveries by people of grandeur. In general history we explore history this way to understand varying personalContinue reading “Methods, Explanations, and world changing discoveries derived from cruel experiments.”