HoW jOhnsON UsEs tHe ecOSysTeM modEl tO DisCreDit aDvaNcEmenT

The invention of air presents 3 different ways historians have approached scientific advancement. The first being a cumulative look, where each new idea is building upon the last’s great idea. “Its origins are as a philosophical method, a way of working through an argument to reach a more advanced understanding.”(Johnson, p.45) The second way theContinue reading “HoW jOhnsON UsEs tHe ecOSysTeM modEl tO DisCreDit aDvaNcEmenT”


The paradigm shift method takes in consideration that eventually scientists will come across a question that cannot be answered with the “tools” that they currently have. Discoveries in the scientific world, under this method, are caused by trying to create new “tools” to solve the problem within the current paradigm, hence the paradigm shift. ThisContinue reading “THE THREE THEORIES”

Selfishness Prevents Advancement

As science advances up the mountain range of discovery the way it’s history has been recorded and shared has had multiple changes as well along the way. Joseph Priestley was without a doubt one of the most innovative and documented scientists of his time. I believe that he set the stage for all scientists afterContinue reading “Selfishness Prevents Advancement”

Interpretation of Johnson’s Models

Interpreting another person’s theories is never an easy task, but most scientific achievement in history has been made through different individuals’ interpretations of other scientists theories, such as Joseph Priestly’s interpretations of The Electricians experiments in the 1760’s and ‘70’s. In his biography of Joseph Priestly, the Invention of Air, Steven Johnson presents three modelsContinue reading “Interpretation of Johnson’s Models”

Spilling the tea on Priestly’s discovery

Coffeehouse culture is both a physical and mental state in which people are able to come together to discuss new ideas and findings. What makes coffeehouse culture unique is that it creates a very casual environment that allows people to feel comfortable being vulnerable with their thoughts. In the case of Priestley’s discovery of oxygen,Continue reading “Spilling the tea on Priestly’s discovery”

A Historical Inquiry to Science

In Steven Johnson’s, The Invention of Air, he explains three fundamental methods in which history plays itself out in science. The “great man” version of history credits historical change solely to the advancements made by important people of a given time period. Then there’s the paradigm shift, which is characterized by a scientific knowledge as we knowContinue reading “A Historical Inquiry to Science”

The History of Science

Progressive or “great man” history largely credits influential individuals with overall success and expansion of new ideas. One can explain history by the impact of notable people on the world and its progression. Whether by nature or environment some people are simply smarter than others, and these are the individuals who fuel “history”. Progressive historyContinue reading “The History of Science”

Discussing changes in Historical Methods Over Time

Author: Devan W. Eastman-Pittam In The Invention of Air (Johnson, 2008, p. 18-19) electricity was thought of as a parlor trick with things like shows where you see a strung up kid have floating hair from static before it was put to use in new technology like light bulbs and the telegram but now isContinue reading “Discussing changes in Historical Methods Over Time”