How the military-industrial complex divided minds

The academic-military-industrial complex created an age of big science through the funding of scientific research from the federal government. This funding went to both military and nonmilitary-oriented research but more importantly the academic-military-industrial complex promoted the importance of funding both universities and laboratories around the US. Different thinkers and leaders have all had vastly differentContinue reading “How the military-industrial complex divided minds”

The Case for CRISPER

CRISPER is a technology that allows scientists to edit human genes. Proponents of gene editing argue that it could potentially eliminate genetic diseases while those who oppose it argue that editing a human embryo is dangerous and unnatural. I personally really liked the message of the second article that argued that disease is natural, butContinue reading “The Case for CRISPER”

Geoengineering: A Solution or Future Problem

The sudden interest in geoengineering originated from fears that “Plan A” (reducing carbon emissions) is no longer a viable option so they began to look for other options. Geoengineering is deliberate large-scale intervention in the environment; it is generally divided into two categories. One, removing carbon dioxide from the environment and storing it somewhere else,Continue reading “Geoengineering: A Solution or Future Problem”

The Impact of Science on Politics and Economics

The scientific revolution brought about an imagined order which laid the foundation for all modern science. At the same time, this change in the scientific process occurred both economics and politics were also changing. Politically European empires were beginning to expand across the world by installing colonies in all corners of the world. This allowedContinue reading “The Impact of Science on Politics and Economics”

The Driving Forces in Human Unification

On page 172 Harari lays out three universal orders that he believes were the driving factors in pushing humans towards unification; they are “The Monetary Order, The Imperial Order, and The religious order” (Harari, 172). The monetary order is the idea that having a common currency allowed humans to trade goods and begin specializing inContinue reading “The Driving Forces in Human Unification”

How Imagined Order is Ingrained in our Society

An imagined order is a hierarchy created by humans. An imagined order has little to do with genes and has everything to do with the criteria humans made up for this order. According to Harari, “unfortunately, complex human societies seem to require imagined hierarchies and unjust discrimination.” (Harari, 136). But why do we need imaginedContinue reading “How Imagined Order is Ingrained in our Society”

The importance of Interdisciplinary Studies

In the second half of Johnson’s book, he spends the majority of his time discussing the importance and uniqueness of Priestley’s interdisciplinary studies. Priestly was a man who likes many of our found fathers not only explored science but also commented on the political and religious climate of his time. As stated on page 147,Continue reading “The importance of Interdisciplinary Studies”

How Science Progresses

In the first chapter of his book, Johnson describes three different models of the history of science. First, he discusses the great man theory the concept that science progresses thanks to the individual brilliance or achievement of one man. This model takes into account the achievement of great science historically but missed the “forces greaterContinue reading “How Science Progresses”