Why Iraq ?

In his book “The Limits of Power,” Andrew Bacevich explains that the United States interfered in the Middle East for several reasons. These reasons include securing access to oil reserves, maintaining regional stability, and supporting Israel. Additionally, the U.S. sought to combat terrorism and prevent the spread of radical ideologies. Bacevich argues that these interventions have ultimately been unsuccessful and have led to negative consequences for both the U.S. and the Middle East.

The author argues at the beginning of the article that the events of 9/11 only gave more reason to the Bush administration to impose, with all means necessary, “conformity with prescribed American norms” on the Islamic world. He also claims that “the three interlocking crises”; economic and cultural, political and military, that the United states faces till today is of its own making, forcing the country into a “generational war” with “no deadlines”.

Bacevich also states that “critics of the U.S. foreign policy explain the U.S. intervention in the middle east, especially the Iraq war goes back to The Bush Administration, emergence of neoconservatives, greedy oil executives and Israel lobbying. He also exclaims if the war on Nazi Germany became “obsolete”, then why the war on “Islamofascism” is still going.

The US intervention in the region exceeds aspirations of containing extremist groups or achieving “the War on Terror” but rather involves other strategic interests such as accessing oil reserves. It would be less costly for America to engage in ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan both for political and economic reasons.

However, American political leaders are overlooking the fact that it threatens and jeopardizes Americans freedom. In the process of opening the world’s oil lifeline, America had to pay a substantial moral cost. The author had also highlighted the dependency on oil “as an integral part of American life”. During the Clinton administration, Iraqi military and civilians turned into rubble in the name of preserving the American way of life. Americans and especially governments do not realize how costly the ongoing conflict can get, draining soldiers and funds. They don’t acknowledge the fact that the remedy of the crises “does not necessarily lay in the Persian Gulf than at home”.

I think solutions for these never-ending problems and wars may require diplomatic efforts, such as negotiations and peace talks, could help to de-escalate tensions and find common ground. Additionally, increasing economic and cultural ties between the two regions could foster greater understanding and cooperation. It is highly crucial that these international cooperation efforts are devoid from political lobbying and economic motives.

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