The scientific revolution brought about an imagined order which laid the foundation for all modern science. At the same time, this change in the scientific process occurred both economics and politics were also changing. Politically European empires were beginning to expand across the world by installing colonies in all corners of the world. This allowed European scientists unseen access to different parts of the world and greatly benefited multiple fields of science. However, the science done by these thinkers was also benefiting imperialism. Take Captain Cook’s expedition for example; the cook expedition brought back an immense amount of data that had both scientific and political benefits including a cure to scurvy. This discovery helped Britain gain control of the world’s ocean. “Additionally, the cook expedition laid the foundation for the British occupation of the southwest-Pacific Ocean.” (Harari, 277). This had a devastating impact for the native people of the southwest pacific, “In the following century Australia and New Zealand were settled by Europeans and their native populations fell by up to 90%.” (Harari, 278). At the end of this section Harari poses a simple question, was cooks ship a scientific expedition protected by a military force or a military expedition with a few scientists tagging along.”(Harari, 278), I believe many people today would think the latter.
Science is also intrinsically connected to economics. As we have seen funding is essential to science. Science also has the ability to change economics, in the late 20th century, “American firms realized that they could use advance transportation and communication technologies to access natural resources and cheap labor markets in far distant lands.” (Elmore, 155). Take the example of Monsanto; the company was reliant on the cheap by-products of fossil fuel productions to make its products. “Without cheap oil, Monsanto could not thrive, so it got to work investing in new biotechnology future centered on feeding the world.” (Elmore, 158). This is a prime example of how economics changed the course of scientific advancement in the private sector.