Without money and power, would we have GMOs?

The Scientific Revolution brought about many advances and new discoveries, and one can argue whether these discoveries are a part of a natural order or not. Definitive imagined orders that were not necessarily brought about by the Scientific Revolution, but are definitely supported by it, include those orders of empires and capital wealth. As Harari states, “…scientific research can only flourish only in alliance with some religion or ideology. The ideology justifies the costs of the research” (Harari 274). Modern science could not have developed without the support of either of imagined orders such as imperialism and capitalism. 

For starters, previous powers and ruling bodies used to use capital to support science but they only wanted to support it at its stagnant condition; any investment in advances had the potential to overthrow their power. The transition from this point began when the Europeans began setting their sights on conquering other lands; they knew that they did not know all there was to know about the New World, but when they went to explore it they hoped to come back with the ability to mostly control it through science. Another example of the connection between the three (imperialism, capitalism, and modern science) in history is one of the most well known ventures of imperialism: the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Without the investment of the king and queen of Spain, he would not have been able to proceed on his journey to the Americas or begin Spain’s imperialist conquests there. 

This theme of exploration and mastery of the science and knowledge of newly discovered spaces continues today. Monsanto, a big corporate company in America today, has ventured through many sects of science and technological advancements on its path to continuing its capital successes. It began by supplying various raw materials related to fossil fuels. Over the years, the raw materials became harder to come upon and thus more expensive with less margin for profit as well. To remain successful and relevant, Monsanto decided to switch their focuses from the raw materials sector of biotechnology to the GMO sector; this proved to be massively successful and Monsanto is still one of the biggest corporate names today. Overall, all of these examples of science in history, come from one linear direction: that of empires and capital. Without these two, modern science could potentially not be where it is today.

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