The Scientific Revolution

Prior to the Scientific Revolution, it was a widely believed truth that everything that needed to be known was already known. There was nothing beyond what was known or what was considered the truth, and no room for any further research about what was already accepted. Research could be done, but already known concepts were not to be disproved. Having religion as one of its main imagined orders, societies were being kept in order by the shared beliefs that came from religion. At that time, knowledge was in a way limited to what Scriptures said and what had been believed for generations. The Scientific Revolution started when people started accepting and acknowledging that they did not know everything. That it was not possible for anyone to know everything about everything, no matter how many books and scriptures they would read. Humans still had a ton to discover, understand and disprove. The imagined order of religion that previously kept societies in order was all of a sudden not what kept people together. However, people still needed to have faith in something. Their faith went from being strictly religious to becoming scientific. Religion was still important, but people discovered a new faith in something that was very captivating. They had faith in advancements in knowledge and in a constant flow of new discoveries about the world around them. Science became powerful and respected.

When religion was what people relied on the most, it was a central aspect of society because it was tied to the economy and the system of laws. Modern science became such an important imagined order because it became tied to imperialism and capitalism. When Europeans began to explore the parts of the world they had never seen before, they realized they did not know anything about them. In order to get to know these areas more and conquer them, they had to collect observations and acquire knowledge about them. They had to rely on new information instead of old geography books or scriptures.

In order to make discoveries and acquire knowledge, research has to be done. When scientific advancements started improving society and providing companies new and efficient ways of operating, the government and private companies started investing in science because of the benefits it would bring them. Science became reliant on capitalism, and capitalism became reliant on science. New advancements in science and production of materials and goods lead to advancements in companies and growth and development of capitalism. For example, Monstanto has been through many phases of development, always upgrading to the newest needs of the market through sientific advancements. Because of new scientific discoveries, the company found new ways of growing. It went from being a company that was using chemicals to one that was in the biotechnology business. The development of technology also changed the economy. According to Bartow J. Elmore, companies went from producing goods to selling intangible products. The most successful companies were selling information instead of tangible products using technology, a major advancement made by science in the past century.

One thought on “The Scientific Revolution

  1. Technology is a driving force in the world of capitalism, and it is so fascinating to learn the evolution and driving factors in history. The power that it has today truly enforces culture to depend on its trade and advances and companies rely on its sellability and marketing power. I really enjoyed your post as I think it explained how we have been learning about the evolution of technology and put Harari’s main points into light.

    Like

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