The scientific revolution brought about a new and more complex imagined order. This happened essentially because of all the advancements happening in the scientific field that in turn was affecting society and its imagined order. Harari mentions how science has transitioned from old ways to modern in three ways; the willingness to admit ignorance, the centrality of observation and mathematics, and the acquisition of new powers (Harari, 251). Our ideal imagined order has shifted its culture and values, therefore the scientific revolution was able to occur and flourish. Harari also points out how there was not an idea of progress before the revolution, largely due to religion and its affiliates. However, during the modern age uncertainty and the willingness to admit it has led to great progress of society through science. The imagined order had to adapt to these changes brought on by science, but also included politics, culture, and economics.
Science has somewhat become a business in modern times because of its vast connections to capitalism and imperialism. Research and inventions require funding most of the time as Harari points out: “humans increasingly came to believe that they could increase their capabilities by investing in scientific research… We would never be able to walk on the moon, engineer microorganisms and split the atom without such investments” (Harari, 247). Some of the greatest discoveries would not be possible without the fact that science is wedded to capitalism and the attitudes that come along with it. As for imperialism, Elmore suggests that it goes hand in hand with capitalism to maximize gains. “At the same time as more people invested in the stock market, the federal government also began deregulating the banking industry in ways that permitted riskier investments” (Elmore, 155-156). This has turned science and its achievements into a business that seeks economic gain through government aid. Science and its correlation with the economy and government is still very relevant today, in the United States especially, because many people go without life-saving advancements simply because they cannot afford it.