Money, empires, and religions led to widespread cooperation across the globe because it allowed people to rely less on trusting each other and rely more on the tool or system that humanity is currently using. Humans have been and always will be extremely complex creatures motivated by a plethora of seemingly unconnected things. Knowing this, a human might be disinclined to trust another human simply because of the inherent unpredictability. This contradictory act of placing more trust in ideas that don’t trust back is cognitive dissonance, which every human seems to have inherited in some form (Harari, 165).
The value in studying this dissonance, and history itself, from an omniscient perspective is the value in not only learning what happened or could have been, but learning that the present we are currently in, is one of many that had the potential of materializing. The value of studying the history of science and technology lies in tracing the pathway to our particular timeline while noting places where the outcome could’ve been much different. Life has a way of following similar patterns, so learning the history might bring new context to today’s events.
As I read this section, my thoughts drifted around a lot, especially during the religion portion. Reading about Buddhism as an ideology and not as a religion was particularly interesting. I think another reason that widespread cooperation occurred is because ideas or tools like these carry certain values or energies that a person might relate heavily with, drawing them to believe in that system. This almost happened to me while reading the Buddhism section, so it’s definitely plausible. Either that, or it was because of a human’s lack of values or morals that led them to search for something higher than themselves to give them those values, and with it, a sense of purpose. In a way, that could satisfy a number of desires.