Money is used as a facilitation of cooperation between human interaction, bonding the trade of money to the value of human value. It is a trust system that helps to build trust among separated societies, and helps to allow the spread and trade of culture and ideas. Money, although it can be tricky and an easy way to break said bridges of trust. Empires allowed for standardization and the spread of shared commonalities, ideas, customs, norms, and institutions. They are held together by the common interest and culture bound by their commonalities. This shared thought of an empire and its power condensed down into a society with culture and shared beliefs, whether governed by the elite or not, it unionized a large compact group to live in the same borders. Religion is another system set in place to unionize norms and create humans norms and values that are founded on belief (Harari, 210). Religion brought upon great revolutions and nations united by religious belief, like Christianity, which lead to widespread cooperation across the globe.
History gives us the ability to evaluate and study past human interaction. This then helps us learn from our past actions and then, therefore, understand our present day situations. Our future is something that will always be an unknown variable, it is not something that can be predicted because it is inconsistent and too chaotic. Therefore, the value in studying the history of science and technology allows us to understand why our interactions worked, did not work out, or should not continue to do in the future. We can look back on our past and hopefully learn, more, so in the future we can “widen our horizons”