History in a Nutshell

Money is used as a facilitation of cooperation between human interaction, bonding the trade of money to the value of human value. It is a trust system that helps to build trust among separated societies, and helps to allow the spread and trade of culture and ideas. Money, although it can be tricky and an easy way to break said bridges of trust. Empires allowed for standardization and the spread of shared commonalities, ideas, customs, norms, and institutions. They are held together by the common interest and culture bound by their commonalities. This shared thought of an empire and its power condensed down into a society with culture and shared beliefs, whether governed by the elite or not, it unionized a large compact group to live in the same borders. Religion is another system set in place to unionize norms and create humans norms and values that are founded on belief (Harari, 210). Religion brought upon great revolutions and nations united by religious belief, like Christianity, which lead to widespread cooperation across the globe. 

History gives us the ability to evaluate and study past human interaction. This then helps us learn from our past actions and then, therefore, understand our present day situations. Our future is something that will always be an unknown variable, it is not something that can be predicted because it is inconsistent and too chaotic. Therefore, the value in studying the history of science and technology allows us to understand why our interactions worked, did not work out, or should not continue to do in the future. We can look back on our past and hopefully learn, more, so in the future we can “widen our horizons”

4 thoughts on “History in a Nutshell

  1. A larger part of human cooperation is based on trust, and I love how you emphasized that in your response. I think your explanation for why we study the history of science and technology is great, because I kind of had a hard time answering that question myself. It is important to know the scientific reasoning behind events, and in doing so will widen our horizons for the future. I like how you pointed out that the future is always unknown. I think some tend to think that history is about trying to predict the future based on past events, but that really is not the case! It is more about understanding it so we can aid ourselves in the future.


  2. I liked how you drew everything back to how we use history to propel us forward or dismiss it and continue making the same mistakes. It is interesting with such large and broad topics, though. As we have discovered so much since the development of money or larger civilizations such as empires, these systems function through our populations’ imagined order. We may analyze our past, but if enough of us don’t will it really have any impact on our future? Like you mentioned, it is impossible to look ahead, so what will it take for us to use our technologies to create a more harmonious world? Political systems have seemed to lack change as emperors thrived on insisting order amongst groups who seem not to need it, how can we ensure common interest without forcing it?


  3. I like how in your first sentence you describe the human interaction with money as “bonding the trade of money to the value of human value.” I’m curious if you believe that human value is inherently monetary as our services and actions can be used to benefit others or if human value was created through money? I also like how you described how empires created institutions. It’s easy to think that religions had the most effect on cultures and institutions but when you look at old imperial traditions and structures it’s fascinating to see what cultures are a product of these empires.


    1. Your sentence in the last paragraph about our future being unpredictable sums up why we need to study history perfectly. It is important the we not only study human history but natural, chemical, and physical history as well. As Harari discusses, history is a series of events that basically just happen. Of course there are certain factors that tend to push history in one way or another, but nonetheless it moves forward in a linear fashion. It is important that we conceptualize this notion and understand that we cannot necessarily control our future (or history in the making) but there is something we can do: learn. If we can objectively learn from our past and understand what actually occurred, then we can move forward understanding how our actions have certain consequences. We may not necessarily be aware of what those consequences will be for certain, but we can use the study of history to help us understand general outcomes that have occurred and still could.


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