In the book Sapiens by Yuval Noah Harari the topic of the cognitive revolution is discussed. This allowed for greater cooperation through language and gossip at first. This allowed groups of up to 150 to form and work together. The next advancement Harari talks about is the “imagined order” these are the collective myths and rules that we live under. One of these is where Harari is talking about his biological lens examination of the declaration of independence “their response is likely to be, ‘ we know that people are not equal biologically! But if we believe that we are all equal in essence, it will enable us to create a stable and prosperous society.’ … this is exactly what I mean by ‘imagined order’. We believe in a particular order not because it is objectively true, but because believing in it enables us to cooperate effectively and forge a better society.”(p. 110) These collective “Imagined order” are forms for government, religion, and social norms that we all agree are true. This leads into the question are “imagined orders” a prerequisite for science. In my opinion “imagined orders” are a prerequisite for science. This is because almost all but the most recent scientific fields have their roots in ancient myths and dogma. Take for example chemistry, it started out as alchemy which had no objective natural truth to it. This does not mean that science remained an imagined order. Science now is based on universal natural laws that are true no matter the context they are in. Science in many fields now lies on a foundation of truth rather than imagined orders of yesteryear.
In my opinion some of what Harari holds as imagined orders might just be a biological quark of humans. This mainly being the formation of societies larger that 150 people. This is because large societies have developed independently many times across all cultures. This seems to be an innate thing that humans eventually do and might have more to do with how we are wired than the stories we tell.