The Cognitive Revolution allowed for larger-scale cooperation among humans because it resulted in “…new ways of thinking and communicating…” (Harari, pg. 21). As Harari explains, “[l]egends, myths, gods and religions appeared for the first time…” (pg. 24). These factors led to the development of different cultures. These cultures gave humans a common cultural factor to abide by which resulted in larger groups of humans coming together; spurring an increase in communication. When more people live, work, and communicate together, ideas circulate at a higher capacity; leading to new “…technology… organisational skills, and… vision[s]…” (Harari, pg. 63). An imagined order is “…[the belief] in a particular order not because it is objectively true, but because believing it enables [people] to cooperate effectively and forge a better society” (Harari pg. 110). In other words, an imagined order is the perceived social order within a society, and it furthers human cooperation by giving people a place within society. For instance, “Hammurabi’s Code asserts that Babylonian social order is rooted in universal and eternal principles of justice, dictated by gods” therefore justifying the division of people into genders and classes (Harari, pg. 107).
Imagined orders are not a prerequisite for science, nor is science an imagined order because science observes and explains the world around us by creating theories and experiments to support their hypotheses, not by creating myths to sustain a societal belief. However, science is impacted by imagined orders because of how engrained they are into our subconscious from the day we are born.