Governments should fear air pumps and steam engines because they improve the efficiency of production. When efficiency is improved it makes profits higher and increases labor efficiency. When profit margins increase the people that owns the business can control the working class by spreading the wealth or appearing to be for the people. These “radical inventions” could also shift the power point. In the second half of Johnson’s book he talks about the slightly improved gunpowder that was shipped to the American colonies.
A techno-fix is the use of technology to make human lives easier. Techno-fixes have become popular with governments and elitists to make problems more acute. They have been used as a band-aid fix to look like a fix but not actually do much. Huesemann says that the techno-fix comes from the idea that nature and humans can continually be improved upon. Nature can not necessarily be improved.