The answer to why governments or religions fear air pumps and electrical machines is that technological advancements will often exacerbate any cracks in those two institutions. In reading from The Invention of Air by Steven Johnson there is a very clear example of this. This is where the technologies needed to extract coal from around Birmingham arrive in late 1700’s and created a population shift to that area as noted in the book(Johnson p. 167) . This lead to “…a smaller- scale rendition of the colonies’s taxation without representation.”(Johnson p. 167). This shift in technology showed the cracks in the English government as they did not address the distribution of seats of parliament resulting in unrest in their people. This shows that new technologies can shake a nation just by being invented and used. Today there is one research that could drastically impact everyone on a social level. That is life extension research and it would have a wide range of impacts. This would most notably separate out society into those with extended life and those with not as these treatments will most likely be very expensive. This would cause much social strife as those without extended lives would demand that they be given them too and those with the money/power to get these treatments would likely resist these demands. To answer the questions in the about what are technological fix’s according to johnston and to him they are technology to solve social problems. The reason why technological fixes have become so popular among political and economic elites is because they are timely and reassuring solutions. However as noted by Huesemann and Huesmann new technologies often come with negative and sometimes permanent unforeseen consequences.
To sum it all up technology has the capability to reshape the world around it. May it be fracturing governments to answering social issues technology will always have its costs. It is up to us to weigh if any technology is worth the price we must pay.